TEHRAN, Feb. 16 (RIPI) --Iran has held aninternational conference and exhibition on internal combustion engines and oilindustry to woo foreign investments to develop the sector now than internationalbans on Tehran’s nuclear program have been lifted.
700 participants from 10 countries, including Germany, Austria, Netherlands, France, Italy, India, Turkey, China and South Korea, attended the conference andpresented their latest products on the sidelines of the event.
Beginning on Tuesday, February 16, the three-day event is puttogether by the Iranian Society of Engine and the Research Institute ofPetroleum Industry (RIPI) and is aimed at devising a strategic document on fuel, propulsion and environment in Iran, as well as promotion of oil industryinteractions and cooperation with the engine industry.
“Besides what needs to be done on production of [conventional] gasoline-based engines, development of gas-based engines for buses and cars, LPG-propulsion and diesel engines for passenger cars is being viewed by theIranian Ministry of Petroleum as a top priority,” said Iranian Minister ofPetroleum Bijan Zangeneh, addressing opening ceremony of the conference.
Hecalled on industrialists to focus their efforts on construction of optimizeddiesel and gas-based engines that can meet international standards for cars andbuses as well as LPG and CNG-burning bus engines.
TheInternational Energy Agency (IAE) has announced that fuel consumption will riseby at least 75% in the transportation sector by 2050 if required measures forcurbing fuel intake of commercial vehicles are not taken when they should, saidZangeneh.
“Thepercentage can lower to 20% if efficient internal combustion engines aredeveloped,” he said.
Thesenior energy official added that the expansion of hybrid and electric engineswill help reduce the number of gasoline engines which will lower the growth ofpetrol consumption to only 10% by 2050.
Hesaid plans are under way to expand the gas distribution network in Iran so thatliquid fuels and refined petroleum products are no longer used in thetransportation sector in order to be used for households, industries and powerplants instead.
Likewise, 18,000 buses are planned to be renovated and upgraded toburn natural gas to reduce pollution and consumption of liquid fuels in Iran, hesaid.
Iranconsumes 20mcm/d of compressed natural gas in its transportation sector which isnearly 25% of the fuel consumed by all the cars.
Iranenjoys one of the world’s largest gas distribution networks and nearly 90% ofthe population has access to gas supplies through pipelines. Furthermore, thereare over 3,000 CNG stations across the country.
Zangeneh said LPG must enter the fuel mix of cars inside Iran, adding the LPG output of the country has little use inside the country and if itcannot be used domestically, it will have to be exported which incurs huge costson the country.